A2 - Lesson 20

Part 1 : Video Lesson & Transcript

Part : Listening & Reading comprehension

Part 3 : Use of English

Part 4 : Grammar lesson

Part 5 : Writing an essay & corrections

Part 6 : Speaking, interaction, & explanations.

INSTRUCTIONS

Please make sure you unfold each content for each part of the lesson.  Merci de déplier chaque contenu pour chaque partie de cette leçon.

LINKS TO GRAMMAR BOOKS :

PART 1 : VIDEO BASED LESSON & TRANSCRIPT

See instructions beneath the video.

VIDEO : CLICK ON THE PICTURE

The secrets of learning new languages.

Image

The secrets of learning new languages.

Want to learn a new language but feel daunted or unsure where to begin? You don't need some special talent or a "language gene," says Lýdia Machová. In an upbeat, inspiring talk, she reveals the secrets of polyglots (people who speak multiple languages) and shares four principles to help unlock your own hidden language talent -- and have fun while doing it.

VIDEO : EXERCISE

UNFOLD - DEPLIER - INSTRUCTIONS

INSTRUCTIONS TO WORK ON THE VIDEO :

1) Listen to the video without reading the text / transcript

2) Then Listen to the video again reading the transcript as you listen.

3) Then listen to the video again without reading the transcript.

VIDEO TRANSCRIPT

UNFOLD - DEPLIER - TEXT

I love learning foreign languages. In fact, I love it so much that I like to learn a new language every two years, currently working on my eighth one. When people find that out about me, they always ask me, "How do you do that? What's your secret?" And to be honest, for many years, my answer would be, "I don't know. I simply love learning languages." But people were never happy with that answer. They wanted to know why they are spending years trying to learn even one language, never achieving fluency, and here I come, learning one language after another. They wanted to know the secret of polyglots, people who speak a lot of languages. And that made me wonder, too, how do actually other polyglots do it? What do we have in common? And what is it that enables us to learn languages so much faster than other people? I decided to meet other people like me and find that out. 

The best place to meet a lot of polyglots is an event where hundreds of language lovers meet in one place to practice their languages. There are several such polyglot events organized all around the world, and so I decided to go there and ask polyglots about the methods that they use. 

And so I met Benny from Ireland, who told me that his method is to start speaking from day one. He learns a few phrases from a travel phrasebook and goes to meet native speakers and starts having conversations with them right away. He doesn't mind making even 200 mistakes a day, because that's how he learns, based on the feedback. And the best thing is, he doesn't even need to travel a lot today, because you can easily have conversations with native speakers from the comfort of your living room, using websites

I also met Lucas from Brazil who had a really interesting method to learn Russian. He simply added a hundred random Russian speakers on Skype as friends, and then he opened a chat window with one of them and wrote "Hi" in Russian. And the person replied, "Hi, how are you?" Lucas copied this and put it into a text window with another person, and the person replied, "I'm fine, thank you, and how are you?" Lucas copied this back to the first person, and in this way, he had two strangers have a conversation with each other without knowing about it. 

And soon he would start typing himself, because he had so many of these conversations that he figured out how the Russian conversation usually starts. What an ingenious method, right? 

And then I met polyglots who always start by imitating sounds of the language, and others who always learn the 500 most frequent words of the language, and yet others who always start by reading about the grammar. If I asked a hundred different polyglots, I heard a hundred different approaches to learning languages. Everybody seems to have a unique way they learn a language, and yet we all come to the same result of speaking several languages fluently. 

And as I was listening to these polyglots telling me about their methods, it suddenly dawned on me: the one thing we all have in common is that we simply found ways to enjoy the language-learning process. All of these polyglots were talking about language learning as if it was great fun. You should have seen their faces when they were showing me their colourful grammar charts and their carefully handmade flash cards, and their statistics about learning vocabulary using apps, or even how they love to cook based on recipes in a foreign language. All of them use different methods, but they always make sure it's something that they personally enjoy. 

I realized that this is actually how I learn languages myself. When I was learning Spanish, I was bored with the text in the textbook. I mean, who wants to read about Jose asking about the directions to the train station. Right? I wanted to read "Harry Potter" instead, because that was my favourite book as a child, and I have read it many times. So I got the Spanish translation of "Harry Potter" and started reading, and sure enough, I didn't understand almost anything at the beginning, but I kept on reading because I loved the book, and by the end of the book, I was able to follow it almost without any problems. And the same thing happened when I was learning German. I decided to watch "Friends," my favourite sitcom, in German, and again, at the beginning it was all just gibberish. I didn't know where one word finished and another one started, but I kept on watching every day because it's "Friends." I can watch it in any language. I love it so much. And after the second or third season, seriously, the dialogue started to make sense. 

I only realized this after meeting other polyglots. We are no geniuses and we have no shortcut to learning languages. We simply found ways how to enjoy the process, how to turn language learning from a boring school subject into a pleasant activity which you don't mind doing every day. If you don't like writing words down on paper, you can always type them in an app. If you don't like listening to boring textbook material, find interesting content on YouTube or in podcasts for any language. If you're a more introverted person and you can't imagine speaking to native speakers right away, you can apply the method of self-talk. You can talk to yourself in the comfort of your room, describing your plans for the weekend, how your day has been, or even take a random picture from your phone and describe the picture to your imaginary friend. This is how polyglots learn languages, and the best news is, it's available to anyone who is willing to take the learning into their own hands. 

 

So meeting other polyglots helped me realize that it is really crucial to find enjoyment in the process of learning languages, but also that joy in itself is not enough. If you want to achieve fluency in a foreign language, you'll also need to apply three more principles. 

 

First of all, you'll need effective methods. If you try to memorize a list of words for a test tomorrow, the words will be stored in your short-term memory and you'll forget them after a few days. If you, however, want to keep words long term, you need to revise them in the course of a few days repeatedly using the so-called space repetition. You can use apps which are based on this system such as Anki or Memrise, or you can write lists of word in a notebook using the Goldlist method, which is also very popular with many polyglots. If you're not sure which methods are effective and what is available out there, just check out polyglots' YouTube channels and websites and get inspiration from them. If it works for them, it will most probably work for you too. 

The third principle to follow is to create a system in your learning. We're all very busy and no one really has time to learn a language today. But we can create that time if we just plan a bit ahead. Can you wake up 15 minutes earlier than you normally do? That would be the perfect time to revise some vocabulary. Can you listen to a podcast on your way to work while driving? Well, that would be great to get some listening experience. There are so many things we can do without even planning that extra time, such as listening to podcasts on our way to work or doing our household chores. The important thing is to create a plan in the learning. "I will practice speaking every Tuesday and Thursday with a friend for 20 minutes. I will listen to a YouTube video while having breakfast." If you create a system in your learning, you don't need to find that extra time, because it will become a part of your everyday life. 

And finally, if you want to learn a language fluently, you need also a bit of patience. It's not possible to learn a language within two months, but it's definitely possible to make a visible improvement in two months, if you learn in small chunks every day in a way that you enjoy. And there is nothing that motivates us more than our own success. 

I vividly remember the moment when I understood the first joke in German when watching "Friends." I was so happy and motivated that I just kept on watching that day two more episodes, and as I kept watching, I had more and more of those moments of understanding, these little victories, and step by step, I got to a level where I could use the language freely and fluently to express anything. This is a wonderful feeling. I can't get enough of that feeling, and that's why I learn a language every two years. 

So this is the whole polyglot secret. Find effective methods which you can use systematically over the period of some time in a way which you enjoy, and this is how polyglots learn languages within months, not years. 


Now, some of you may be thinking, "That's all very nice to enjoy language learning, but isn't the real secret that you polyglots are just super talented and most of us aren't?" 

Well, there's one thing I haven't told you about Benny and Lucas. Benny had 11 years of Irish Gaelic and five years of German at school. He couldn't speak them at all when graduating. Up to the age of 21, he thought he didn't have the language gene and he could not speak another language. Then he started to look for his way of learning languages, which was speaking to native speakers and getting feedback from them, and today Benny can easily have a conversation in 10 languages. Lucas tried to learn English at school for 10 years. He was one of the worst students in class. His friends even made fun of him and gave him a Russian textbook as a joke because they thought he would never learn that language, or any language. And then Lucas started to experiment with methods, looking for his own way to learn, for example, by having Skype chat conversations with strangers. And after just 10 years, Lucas is able to speak 11 languages fluently. 

 

Does that sound like a miracle? Well, I see such miracles every single day. As a language mentor, I help people learn languages by themselves, and I see this every day. People struggle with language learning for five, 10, even 20 years, and then they suddenly take their learning into their own hands, start using materials which they enjoy, more effective methods, or they start tracking their learning so that they can appreciate their own progress, and that's when suddenly they magically find the language talent that they were missing all their lives. 

So if you've also tried to learn a language and you gave up, thinking it's too difficult or you don't have the language talent, give it another try. Maybe you're also just one enjoyable method away from learning that language fluently. Maybe you're just one method away from becoming a polyglot. 

Thank you. 

PART 2 : COMPREHENSION

  1. Listen to the video and answer all questions below  without reading the transcript /text of the video.
  2. Then read the transcript of the video and check your answers, before looking at the corrections.

LISTENING & READING COMPREHENSION

UNFOLD - DEPLIER - QUESTIONS

 

According to the video, are these statements true or false?

  1. Every polyglot has the same method for learning languages.
  2. The process of language learning is unique and each person should find its own way of learning
  3. People who are busy will never be able to learn a language.
  4. Language learning doesn’t require patience.
  5. You can learn a language within 2 months.
  6. The secret of polyglots is to find effective methods.
  7. You need to be gifted to be able to learn languages.

 

ANSWERS

UNFOLD - DEPLIER - ANSWERS

 

According to the video, are these statements true or false?

  1.  F
  2. T
  3. F
  4. F
  5. F
  6. T
  7. F

PART 3 : USE OF ENGLISH

USE OF ENGLISH

UNFOLD - DEPLIER- QUESTIONS

Please take a look at the following sentence from the text:

“I see this every day.”

 

Why can’t we say: “I see this all day”?

Find all about it in the explanation below.

 

All or every?

 

All and every are determiners.

We use both all and every to refer to the total number of something. All refers to a complete group. Every refers to each member of a complete group:

-The questionnaire was sent to all employees.

-The questionnaire was sent to every employee.

 

We can use every to focus on each individual member.

 

Compare:

All passengers must turn off their mobile phones.

refers to the whole group

Every passenger must turn off their mobile phone.

(We use their instead of his or her to refer back to a singular noun (passenger) because we are referring to both male and female passengers.)

focuses on each individual member of the whole group

 

We can use all, but not every, on its own without a noun.

We use everyone/everybody/everything instead:

- The meeting is at Oriel Hall. It begins at 8 pm and all are welcome.

Not: … every is welcome

-Everyone is welcome to join the village social club.

 

All and every + nouns

The meaning of all and every is very similar but we use them in different ways. We use all with plural and uncountable nouns and every with singular nouns:

-All donations will be sent to the earthquake relief fund.

-All equipment must be returned by the end of June. (uncountable)

-Every donation is appreciated.

 

We can use all and all of before determiners, but we don’t use every before determiners:

-I invited all (of) my friends.

Not: … every my friends

All or every: typical errors

We don’t use every before determiners:

-He sold all (of) his books.

Not: … every his books.

 

We don’t use every with uncountable nouns:

-All (the) information can be saved in the computer memory.

Not: Every information can be saved …

 

We don’t use every with plural nouns:

-We should organise a trip for all students.

Not: … for every students

 

We don’t use every on its own without a noun; we use everyone, everybody or everything instead:

-He suggested cancelling the trip and everyone agreed.

Not: … every agreed

Exercise:

 

Complete the following sentences with all or every.

  1. ………………………………. child needs love.
  2. I have written to ……………………………… my friends.
  3. I have written to ……………………………… friend I have
  4. My family …………………………….. work in education.
  5. Not …………………………….. birds can sing.
  6. ………………………… person made his or her own travel arrangements.
  7. I see her ………………………….. few days.

8. There is a meeting ……………………………… six weeks.

9. I have cleaned ……………………………. the

10. You don’t see tigers ……………………………… day.

 

CORRECTIONS

UNFOLD - DEPLIER - ANSWERS

Answer:

  1. Every child needs love.
  2. I have written to all my friends.
  3. I have written to every friend I have.
  4. My family all work in education.
  5. Not all birds can sing.
  6. Every person made his or her own travel arrangements.
  7. I see her every few days.
  8. There is a meeting every six weeks.
  9. I have cleaned all the rooms except the bathroom.
  10. You don’t see tigers every day.

TRADUCTION

UNFOLD - DEPLIER - EXERCISE

Traduire les phrases suivantes en anglais, issues du texte, puis retrouver ces phrases dans les deux premiers paragraphes du texte en anglais:

1. J'aime tellement cela que j'aime aprrendre une nouvelle langue tout les deux ans, j'apprend ma huitieme langue.

2. Plusieurs rendez-vous de polyglottes sont organisé partout dans le monde, et donc j'ai decidé d'y aller et de demander aux polyglottes quelle methodes ils utilisent.

 

PART 4 : GRAMMAR

LESSON

UNFOLD - DEPLIER - EXPLANATION

Essential Grammar in use p 185-186

Unit 89 the oldest ..... the most expensive

EXERCISES

UNFOLD - DEPLIER - QUESTIONS

Complete the sentences. Use a superlative (the oldest etc) .

  1. This building is very old. It's ............. in the town.
  2. It was a very happy day. It was ........ of my life.
  3. It's a very good film . It's ....... .. I've ever seen.
  4. She isn't a very popular singer. She's ...... in the country.
  5. It was a very bad mistake. It was .............. mistake I've ever made.
  6. It's a pretty village . It's  ............ I've ever seen.
  7. It was very cold day. It was ..............  of the year.
  8. He's a very boring person. He's  ........ I've ever met.

CORRECTIONS

UNFOLD - DEPLIER - CORRECTIONS
  1. oldest building
  2. the happiest day
  3. the best film
  4. the most popular singer
  5. the worst mistake
  6. the prettiest village
  7. the coldest day
  8. the most boring person

PART 5 : WRITING

VOCABULARY

UNFOLD - DEPLIER - WORD LIST

(please note that this definitions are according to the context)

Word(s)

Description

Meaning

in fact

 

used to emphasize the truth of an assertion; actually

achieving

-ing form of the verb to achieve

Successfully reach (a desired objective or result) by effort, skill, or courage

one after another

expression

many, in a series

wonder

verb

to ask yourself questions or express a wish to know about something

enables

3rd person singular of the verb to enable

to make someone able to do something, or to make something possible

find out

Phrasal verb

to obtain knowledge of something

several

Determiner, pronoun

some; an amount that is not exact but is fewer than many

doesn’t mind

3rd person singular negative of the verb to mind

He is not worried about it

typing

-ing form of the verb to type

write on a typewriter or computer by pressing the keys

ingenious

adjective

 clever, original, and inventive

yet

adverb

in spite of that; nevertheless.

Dawned on me

expression, to dawn on someone

to become known or obvious to someone, often suddenly

charts

noun, plural of chart

drawing that shows information in a simple way

handmade

adjective

made using the hands rather than a machine

make sure

expression

establish that something is definitely so

mean

vert

used to add emphasis to the purpose of what she is saying

sure enough

expression

as expected

gibberish

noun

unintelligible or meaningless speech or writing; nonsense

shortcut

noun

an alternative route that is shorter than the one usually taken

random

adjective

made, done, or happening without method or conscious decision

is willing to

expression, be willing to do something

to be happy to do something if it is needed

take into their own hands

expression, take something into your own hands

to deal with a problem yourself because the people who should have dealt with it have failed to do so

stored

Verb, past and past participle of to store

Keep or accumulate (something) for future use.

a few

adjective

a small number of

sure

adjective

certain; without any doubt

plan ahead

expression

to plan in advance

household chores

adjective+noun

tasks such as cleaning , washing , and ironing that have to be done regularly at home 

to find time

expression

to make some of your time available for a particular purpose

within

preposition

not further than that period of time

improvement

noun

the process of making something better or of getting better

chunks

Noun, plural of chunk

pieces

at all

adverb

(used to make negatives and questions stronger) in any way or of any type

graduating

-ing for of the verb to graduate

to complete schoolcollege, or university successfully

getting feedback

Expression, to get feedback

receive information about how well or bad you are at something

even

adverb

used to emphasize something surprising or extreme

made fun

expression, to make fun of someone

to be unkind to someone and laugh at or cause others to laugh at the person

struggle

verb

to experience difficulty and make a very great effort in order to do something

tracking

-ing for m of the verb to track

to record the progress or development of something over a period

missing

-ing form of the verb to miss

fail to notice or understand

gave up

past of the phrasal verb to give up

to stop trying to do something before you have finished, usually because it is too difficult

give it (another) try

expression, to give something a try

make an attempt to do something

WRITING

UNFOLD - DEPLIER - ESSAY

Peseshet is a doctor and a teacher. The video describes a typical day of her life.

Now it is you turn. Write a text :

- Present yourself.

- Describe your profession.

- Tell what you did to get this job.

- Describe a typical day of your life : what usually happens when you are at work?

 

CORRECTION

UNFOLD - DEPLIER - OPTION

You can book a one to one class with a teacher who will correct your writing exercise.  One to one classes can be online, with a video call, anytime of the day. 

This gives you full flexibility for your timetable.

Please send us an email at afterschool at afterschoollyon.com.

PART 6 : SPEAKING

SPEAKING

UNFOLD - DEPLIER - OPTION

You can book a one to one class with a teacher for the speaking.  One to one classes can be online, with a video call, anytime of the day. 

This gives you full flexibility for your timetable.

Please send us an email at afterschool at afterschoollyon.com.

Our online classes range from A1 to C2 levels, including specific class contents and online video classes.  They are designed to improve communication of spoken and written English with learner-centred lessons which help build students’ confidence, accuracy and fluency.

Our online learning classes offer an extensive level of flexibility for individual students, with comprehensive syllabus and content.